在PS中合成一个被雨水浸透的孤独天使 

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在这个教程里,我们将介绍到怎样在PS中运用一些技术手动合成一个被雨水浸透的孤独天使的场景。我们开始吧!

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In today’s tutorial we will demonstrate how to create a lonely, fallen, rain-soaked, angel composition in Photoshop using photo manipulation techniques. Let’s get started!
在这个教程里,我们将介绍到怎样在PS中运用一些技术手动合成一个被雨水浸透的孤独天使的场景。我们开始吧!

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Step 1
Start by creating a file in Photoshop at the size of an A4 (210mm x 297mm) at 300 dpi. Once created, fill the background with a dark gray (# 424242)
新建一个A4(210mm x 297mm) 尺寸的文件,分辨率为300dpi。填充深灰色(# 424242)。

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Step 2
After creating the background, the first thing to do is extract the boy by using your favorite tool. I made a selection using the Polygonal Lasso Tool (L) and then applied a mask. No need to be very precise on this selection, because the boy will merge with the rest of the image. In the area of the feet you can leave some details such as the shadow between her legs, and remove the excess using a soft brush (B).
创建好背景后,第一步要做的是用你最喜欢的工具把这个男孩给抠出来。我用多边形套索工具(L)创建了一个选区,并添加了蒙版。选区不需要特别精确,因为这个男孩之后会与其他图片融合在一起。在男孩的双脚附近你可以保留一些细节,比如他两腿间的阴影,多余的部分用一个软笔刷(B)擦除。

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.
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Step 3
Now let’s create an aureole for the angel. Create a layer called aureole and with the Elliptical Marquee Tool (M) make an oval selection and fill with white.
现在我们为天使创建一个光环。新建图层命名为“aureole”,用椭圆形选框工具(M)创建一个椭圆选区,填充白色。

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Make another selection within the aureole and delete the selection. This way you will get something like that.
在光环内部创建另外一个选区,并删除其中的部分。你会得到像这样的东西。

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Now we need to create the inner of the aureole. Create a new layer, place it below the aureole layer and name it "aureole back. Make an oval selection and fill with a light gray (# b0b0b0).
现在我们需要创建光环的内部了。新建图层,将它放在“aureole”层的下方,命名为“aureole back”。创建一个椭圆选区并填充浅灰(# b0b0b0)。

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Click the image to open in full size.

Use the Burn Tool (O) in Highlights mode to create the lights and shadows of the halo. In the end you should have something like the image below. After that, group the two layers of the aureole to keep your file organized.
用加深工具(O),高光范围,为光环制作高光和阴影。最终你会得到和下图类似的图像。之后,将两个光环的图层打组,以保持图层文件层次整洁。

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.

Position the halo over his head.
将光环摆在天使的头顶。

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Now we need to make the shadow of the halo. Create a layer and position it above the layer "angel." Right click on the layer and create a "Clipping Mask." Set the blend mode "Multiply" and with a Soft Brush (B) paint the angel’s head trying to simulate a shadow.
现在我们需要制作光环的阴影。新建一层放到"angel"层之上。右击该图层创建剪贴蒙版。混合模式设为正片叠底,用一个软笔刷(B)试着在天使的头部模拟画出一个阴影。

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.
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Step 4
Open the image of the wing, cut and place them behind the angel.
打开翅膀图片,把它摆放在天使身后。

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Create a New Layer, set it to "Multiply" and then create a "Clipping Mask". Use a Soft Brush (B) with Black and paint over the wing to create the shadow of the boy. Don’t forget to group the "Wings" layer and the "Shadow" layer.
新建图层,混合模式设为正片叠底,然后建立一个剪贴蒙版。用黑色的软笔刷(B)在天使的翅膀上画一些阴影。别忘了"Wings"和"Shadow"两层打成一组。

Click the image to open in full size.

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Step 5
Open the city file, desaturate it using Command/Ctrl + Shift + U. Then go to Image > Adjustments > Levels to darken the image.
打开城市图片,用Ctrl + Shift + U去掉它的颜色。执行图像>调整>色阶,将图像变暗。

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Now open the bridge file, then go to Image > Adjustments > Levels to brighten the image.
打开大桥图片,执行图像>调整>色阶,将图像提亮。

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After that, position the bridge behind the angel and the city like the image below. Group the two layers and create a mask to hide in the image edges.
之后,将大桥摆在天使和城市身后,如下图所示。将大桥和城市两层打组,并创建蒙版将图片的边缘隐去。

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Step 6
Now it’s time to set the ground. Take the image ground and desaturate it. Place the ground like the image below and use a layer mask to hide the edges.
现在该制作地面了。打开地面图片并去色。将它按下图所示摆放,创建蒙版隐去边缘。

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Open the Spatter image and desaturate it using Command/Ctrl + Shift + U. Invert the image color with Command/Ctrl + I. Then go to Image > Adjustments > Levels. At the levels window click at the black eyedropper and click in the black area as shown in the image.
打开喷溅图片,Ctrl + Shift + U去色。Ctrl + I反转图片颜色。执行图像>调整>色阶,在色阶面板点击黑色吸管,在下图所示的黑色区域取色。

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After that, copy and paste the spatter in your main file. Set the blend mode to "Screen" so the black will become invisible. Then hide the borders using a Mask or the Eraser Tool (E). Make other copies of the Spatter layer and position them to get the result below.
之后,复制并粘贴喷溅图片到主合成中。将其混合模式设为滤色,这样黑色的区域就透明了。接着用蒙版或橡皮工具(E)消除边缘。复制一些喷溅图片,摆放成下图所示的效果。

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Step 7
Now let’s put more details in the Background. Create a New Layer on the top of the Background and use a Soft Brush (B) to make a soft white glow.
现在我们再为地面加一些细节。在背景之上新建一层,用软笔刷(B)画一些白色高光。

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Place the Clouds on top of the Background layer, then desaturate it using the Command/Ctrl + Shift + U. Go to Image > Adjustments > Levels and use the Black Eyedropper to set the black point in the image as shown below. After that set the Blend Mode to Screen.
将云彩图片摆在背景层之上,Ctrl + Shift + U去色。执行图像>调整>色阶,在色阶面板点击黑色吸管,在下图所示的区域取色。

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Duplicate the Cloud Layer and Flip it Horizontally and then place it like in the next image. Group the Clouds Layers and set the Opacity to 50%.
复制云彩图层,将它水平翻转摆放在如下位置。将云彩打组,不透明度设为50%。

Click the image to open in full size.

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Step 8
Place the Birds image. Desaturate it using the same technique as shown previously in this tutorial. Then go to Image > Adjustments > Levels and use the White Eyedropper to set the White Point of the image.
打开飞鸟图片。去色后执行图像>调整>色阶,在色阶面板点击白色吸管,在下图所示的区域取色。

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Set the Blend Mode to Multiply and position the image like in the next image.
混合模式设为正片叠底,摆放在下图所示位置。

Click the image to open in full size. 

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Step 9
Open the Street Lamp image and extract it from the background. Place it into your main file on top of all layers. Now we are going to make the shadow. Duplicate the lamp, set your foreground color to black and fill the lamp copy locking transparent pixels.
打开街灯图片,将它从背景抠出。把它放到所有图层之上。现在我们制作阴影。复制街灯,设置前景色为黑色,锁定图层的透明像素后填充黑色。

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Use the Free Transform – Command/Ctrl + T – to create the shadow of the lamp. Set the Blend Mode to Overlay, opacity of 50% and put it behind the lamp.
使用自由变换工具Ctrl + T调整街灯的阴影。设置混合模式为叠加,不透明度50%,把它放到街灯图层的后面。

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Uncheck the "Lock transparent pixels" of the shadow layer and use the "Blur Tool" at the end of the shadow.
取消阴影图层的锁定透明像素选项,对阴影的后部使用模糊工具。

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Create a new layer and use a soft brush to make a small shadow underneath the lamp.
新建一层,用软笔刷在街灯下面制作一些小的阴影。

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Step 10
Now we have to add the "flying" leaves to the composition. Open the Leaf image, extract it from the white background (I used Color Range) and then go to Image > Adjustments > Hue/Saturation and use the configuration below.
现在我们为合成加入落叶。打开叶子图像,将叶子从白背景中抠出(我用的是色彩范围的方式),然后执行图像>调整>色相/饱和度,参数如下。

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Duplicate the layer 3 times and place the other leaves around the scene. Use the Dodge Tool (O) to make some areas of the leaves a little brighter. Don’t forget the shadow of the leaf on the foot. To do that, use the same process of the lamp shadow. After that, select the biggest leaf and go to Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur and use something around 3.5 pixels. You’ll get the following result.
复制叶子图层三次,将它们摆在场景的四周。用减淡工具(O)将叶子的一些区域提亮一点。别忘了给天使脚部的叶子加一些阴影,方法和给街灯加阴影是一样的。之后,选择最大的叶子执行滤镜>模糊>高斯模糊,模糊半径大概3.5像素左右。你会得到下图的效果。

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Click the image to open in full size.
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Step 11
Take the same splashes we’ve used on the ground and place them on the top of the head and the lamp. In the future we will create a storm, so they should look like water splashing from the rain that is falling.
使用之前在地面上用过的喷溅图片,把它们摆在天使的头部和路灯之上。以后我们会创建暴雨,所以那些地方应该有雨水溅起的样子。

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Step 12
Now we are going to add the lens flare effect to the lamp. Create a new layer and fill it with black. Go to Filter > Render > Lens Flare and use the following configuration.
现在该为路灯做一些镜头光晕效果了。新建一层填充黑色。执行滤镜>渲染>镜头光晕,参数如下。

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Desaturate it and set the blend mode to Screen and opacity to 70%. Then use the levels to darken it a little bit.
将该层去色,混合模式设为滤色,不透明度70%。然后用色阶将它调暗一点。

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.
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Step 13
Open Illustrator and create the colored crystal. After you’ve created it, copy and paste into Photoshop. Create a new layer and set the blending mode to Soft Light and click with the right button to create a Clipping Mask. Use a Soft Brush (B) with Black (to darken) or White (to brighten) in some areas of the crystal. This technique is very useful if you do not like to use the Dodge and Burn, because this way you can correct mistakes whenever you want. It gives you much more flexibility.
打开AI创建一个彩色水晶。创建完后复制到PS中。新建一层,混合模式为柔光,右键创建剪贴蒙版。用一个软笔刷(B),用黑色(变暗)或白色(提亮)水晶的某些区域。这个技术非常实用,尤其是在你不喜欢用加深减淡工具的情况下,因为这种方法可以让你在任何需要的时候修正错误,非常灵活。

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Duplicate the crystal layer to make the reflection and put it under the original crystal. Set the blending mode to Linear Dodge, change the opacity to 50%, apply Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur and use a radius of 35 pixels. After that create a Hard Shadow (Multiply and opacity of 30%) and a Soft Shadow (Multiply and opacity of 80%) under the crystal.
复制水晶图层,把它放到原图层下方制作反射。混合模式设为线性减淡,不透明度50%,执行滤镜>模糊>高斯模糊,半径35像素。之后在水晶下制作硬阴影(混合模式正片叠底,不透明度30%)和软阴影(混合模式正片叠底,不透明度80%)。

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Step 14
To create the rain, take a look at Step 13 of this tutorial(http://www.zcool.com.cn/article/ZMTc0Njg=.html. You should get a result similar to below.
创建雨水可以参看这个教程的第13步(点击进入:http://www.zcool.com.cn/article/ZMTc0Njg=.html)。你得到的效果应该和下图类似。

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Step 15
Create a new layer and fill it with black. Go to Filter > Render > Difference Clouds. Set the blend mode to screen and use a mask to hide some areas of the fog we’ve just created. You can add more fog if you want, this is up to you.
新建一层填充黑色。执行滤镜>渲染>分层云彩。设置混合模式为滤色,新建蒙版隐藏掉刚做好的雾气的某些部分。如果你愿意也可以多加一些雾气,决定权在你。

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Step 16
Here we’ll add the final details. First create an Adjustment Layer (Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Gradient Map.). Use the following configurations and set its blending mode to Soft Light.
现在做一些最终细节的调整。新建一层调整层(图层>新建调整图层>渐变映射)。参数设置如下,混合模式为柔光。

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.

Now create a new layer, set the blending mode to Soft Light, the opacity to 50% and paint with a large Soft Brush around the edges.
现在新建一层,混合模式为柔光,不透明度50%,使用大的软笔刷沿边缘涂抹。

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Add a new Black & White Adjustment Layer (Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Black & White) and set its blending mode to Hard Light and the opacity to 50%.
新建一层黑白调整层(图层>新建调整图层>黑白),混合模式为强光,不透明度50%。

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Create a new merged copy of your image using Command/Ctrl + Shift + A, Command/Ctrl + C and Command/Ctrl +V. Go to Filter > Others > High Pass and use the configuration below. After that set the blending mode to Hard Light. This effect will sharpen the image. Now you’re done!
使用快捷键Ctrl + Shift + A,Ctrl + C和Ctrl +V创建所有图层的整体拷贝。执行滤镜>其他>高反差保留,参数如下图,滞后混合模式改为强光。这个效果会使图片锐化。大功告成了!!!

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Final Image
最终效果


Here is the final result. Hope you have enjoyed the tutorial and learned something new.

这就是最终效果。希望你喜欢这个教程并从中收获了新知识。

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